Video case studies from Oregon, Nottingham, Reading, UCA and UCL about peer assessment:
A summary of the constraints of peer assessment:
- Students do not always fully understand what kind of feedback they are required to provide.
- Students may want to support and compliment their peers and feel uncomfortable making constructive suggestions, fearing that they may be interpreted as criticism.
- Reluctance to provide feedback to friends
- Feedback may be inconsistent.
- It can generate a lot of extra paperwork
A summary of the benefits of peer assessment to students:
- Students tend to be mark focused. The students' focus tends to move from the mark to the feedback as they become providers as well as recipients of the feedback.
- Peer assessment provides the opportunity to provide more rapid feedback in large groups and also increases the amount of feedback each student receives.
- Students are able to see examples of the work of their peers, which is something they do not normally have chance to do.
- Provides an insight into the examiner experience.
- Helps students to reflect on how they answer questions.
- Helps students to understand the mark scheme more clearly which can lead to a better understanding of the meaning of the marking criteria and encourage them to deploy new strategies to their assessed work themselves.
- The process of reviewing the work of others helps students understand what is considered good work and why, thereby increasing their ability to achieve.
- It develops students' ability to construct feedback
- It enhances students’ active engagement with their studies.
- It augments students’ disciplinary understanding since peer feedback invariably requires explanation and justification.